Connect

Find us on...

Dashboard

Login using...

Homes for Sale in 78748

78748 is effectively classified as South Austin and has a tremendous amount to offer anyone that wants the fun of downtown, but without the hectic and eclectic nature. This South Austin area is conveniently located west of I-35, between South Congress and Buda. There are a variety of affordable options for new homebuyers, which include mid-century designs like ranches. You can find everything from excellent shopping, to exquisite Indian food, to no less than 8 schools to choose from for your kids, 78748 might just have exactly what you need.

78748

Map Save this Search
Sort listings by:Price, High to Low

10616 Manchaca Rd, Austin, TX - $2,100,000

Commercial Sale, Land-Other Comm/Income
  • 31 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Situated At The Corner Of Old Manchaca Road And Manchaca Rd With Pulte And Milestone Building More Houses In The Area. The Property Has Great Development Potential And Could Continue To Use The Existing Building Until Plans Are Approved. 98010 Squ...

Lynx Property Services

1017 W Slaughter Ln, Austin, TX - $1,399,000

Lot, Single Lot
  • 266 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Motivated Seller! Bring All Offers!! An Unbelievable Opportunity To Buy 3.149 Acres Land In Austin Not Yet Zoned. In The Rapidly Growing South Austin 78747 Zip Code This Property Has Residential Or Commercial Opportunities. Electric And Water A...

Keller Williams Realty

3311 W Slaughter Ln, Austin, TX - $930,000

Commercial Sale, Retail Bldg-Other See Remarks
  • 172 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Fantastic Opportunity To Secure Your Business In Exploding South Austin Just Off The Corner Of Brodie And Slaughter Lane With Over 40,000 Vehicles Per Day. Featuring An Oversized Parking Lot Which Serves Over 27 Cars And Is Grandfathered In To The...

All City Real Estate Ltd. Co

2119 Frate Barker Rd, Austin, TX - $650,000

Lot, Single Lot
  • 85,845 SQFT
  • 22 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Perfect Location To Build Condo, Shopping Ctr, Single Family Home ,4 -plex ,with Many Option

OBarr Rost, REALTORS

11504 Gun Fight Ln, Austin, TX - $625,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 3,339 SQFT
  • 28 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Immaculate Renovation In Friendly Shady Hollow.sleek And Sparkly Clean. Open Floor Plan Design With Vaulted Ceilings & Walls-of-windows. Beautifully Updated Throughout Including Kitchen With Quartz Counters, New Cabinets, Stainless Appliances.cozy...

Realty Austin
Photo of Listing #1841426

10415 Brodie Springs Trl, Austin, TX - $575,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 3,040 SQFT
  • 2 DOM
View details More Photos Save

This Beautifully Crafted House Will Feel Like Home The Moment You Walk In. The Open Floor Plan Allows For An Abundance Of Natural Light. This Spacious Kitchen Featuring Granite Counter Tops, Ss Appliances, And A Breakfast Area Is Perfect For Enter...

Keller Williams Realty

9804 Roxanna Dr, Austin, TX - $519,000

Multi-Family, Fourplex
  • 3,120 SQFT
  • 20 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Solid 4 Plex Investment Close To Heb Store And Easy Access To Metro Bus Lines. Units Have Had Multiple Updates And Are In Good Working Order. Vinyl Plank Flooring In All Units And Updated Kitchens With Newer Appliances. The D Unit Has All New Lowe...

Lynx Property Services

11411 Gun Fight Ln, Austin, TX - $499,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 3,447 SQFT
  • 12 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Shady Hollow Grand Style Home W/over 3400 Sf. This Home Has A Comfortable, Spacious Feeling W/5 Bedrooms, An Office, 3 1/2 Baths & A Large Kitchen & Dining Area. The Floorplan Has 2 Master Suites, 1 Upstairs & Another Down. The Downstairs Owner...

Coldwell Banker United REALTOR
Photo of Listing #5737901

10200 English Oak Dr, Austin, TX - $474,500

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 5,357 SQFT
  • 35 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Just Reduced $20k + $2500 Credit To Update Interior Paint! 5357 Sq Ft. Home W/ Several Living Areas. Wood Floors Through Main Areas And Kitchen. Huge, Open, Gourmet Kitchen W/ Pantry, Butler's Pantry. A 1st Floor Master Retreat W/ Stairs Directly ...

SoundCity Properties
Photo of Listing #3931128

9613 Sugar Hill Dr, Austin, TX - $443,000

Multi-Family, Duplex
  • 2,618 SQFT
  • 65 DOM
View details More Photos Save

$10,000 Remodel Allowance For Unit B. Each Have 1 Car Garage, Recent Roof And High Efficiency Vinyl Windows Whole Building Unit A Large 3/2.5 Recent Remodeled With Open Kitchen Dining And Family. Hardwood Floors And Hard Tile. No Carpet. Fresh ...

RE/MAX GATEWAY

12401 White Eagle Rd, Austin, TX - $430,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 2,043 SQFT
  • 95 DOM
View details More Photos Save

One Story Home Is On Large1/3 Acre Lot. There Are 3 Bedrooms Including A Master Overlooking The Backyard. The Kitchen Is Open To The Family Room And Includes Ss Appliances, A Pot Rack, And Granite Countertops. The Lush Landscaping Greets You As Y...

Avalar Austin
Photo of Listing #5154941

12414 Reserve Creek #20, Austin, TX - $429,900

Residential, Condo
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 1,911 SQFT
  • 39 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Brand New Condo With Over $25k In Builder Upgrades! Kitchen Features Upgraded Tile, Backsplash And Fixtures. Large Center Island Adds Extra Seating And Overlooks Open Living Space. 1st Floor Master Bedroom Has Updated Shower With Relaxing Rain ...

JBGoodwin REALTORS NW
Photo of Listing #4835208

11312 Gatling Gun Ln, Austin, TX - $425,800

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,523 SQFT
  • 117 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Absolute Must See! 5 Bedrm Artist's Home~low-maintenance, Tree-filled Private Back Yard Makes A Perfect Wonderland For A Child To Explore. Autocontrol Fountain, Fire Pit & 24' Wide Roofed Patio Create A Relaxing Retreat~full Sprinklers~cherrywood ...

RE/MAX Austin Skyline
Photo of Listing #8060787

11514 Gatling Gun Ln, Austin, TX - $425,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,756 SQFT
  • 71 DOM
View details More Photos Save

This Stunning 1 Story Is A Hidden Gem In Shady Hollow. Home Has Been Meticulously Cared For And Updated To Compliment It’s Original Charm. New Ceiling Fans In All The Rooms And New Carpet In The Bedrooms. Kitchen Has Been Beautifully Remodeled To ...

The Davis Company
Photo of Listing #8069616

2404 Sturgis Ln, Austin, TX - $425,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,769 SQFT
  • 51 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Majestic Mature oaks blanket This This desirable South Austin Charmer! Located In The Desirable Bridges At Bear Creek Access To Highways, shopping, Dining And Entertainment! The Kitchen Has over-sized Cabinets, Stainless-steel Appliances, Granite ...

Coldwell Banker United REALTOR

709 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $401,890

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,968 SQFT
  • 14 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Spacious 2-story Plan With 2nd Bedroom Down, Media Room, Home Office And Large Extended Shower In Master Bath. Alabaster Floorplan. Estimated May Completion

CTX Listings, LLC

718 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $401,390

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,513 SQFT
  • 27 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Great Open Floorplan With Tall Ceilings In Family Room And Master Bed. The Giallo Ii Is One Of Our Signature Nextgen “home Within A Home” Floorplans, That Offers Great Flexibility For Several Different Living Situations. May Completion.

CTX Listings, LLC
Photo of Listing #7277647

512 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $399,140

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 3,367 SQFT
View details More Photos Save

Cambrian Floorplan. Great Open Floorplan With Soaring Ceiling In Family Room That Opens To 2nd Floor. Very Spacious Home With Plenty Of Room For Family Gatherings. April Completion.

CTX Listings, LLC

12328 Reserve Creek Dr, Austin, TX - $397,655

Residential, Condo
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,233 SQFT
  • 54 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Open Floorplan In A Gated Condo Community With Amenities. Upgraded Flooring And Cabinets Throughout. High Ceilings With Master Br On First Floor. Loft And Open Office Space On 2nd Floor. Highly Rated School District In Isd. Minutes From Downtown A...

Easter and Easter, REALTORS

2505 Hopsack Mills Rd, Austin, TX - $397,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,556 SQFT
  • 54 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Stunning Home In Quiet Gated Community. Low-maintenance Living At Its Best! Wes Peoples Build Features A Spacious 3 Bedroom, 2 1/2 Bath Layout. Gorgeous Wood Floors Throughout Main Living Areas. Contemporary Kitchen With Ss Appliances Opens To A G...

Realty TX

12441 Gray Camlet Ln, Austin, TX - $396,721

Residential, Condo
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,233 SQFT
  • 54 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Unique 3br 2.5 Bath Plan W/ High Ceilings, Open Office And Loft On Second Floor. Master On First Floor. Upgraded Flooring And Cabinets Throughout. Highly Rated School District. Minutes From Downtown Austin. Unique Side Load 2 Car Garage.

Easter and Easter, REALTORS

10317 Old Manchaca Rd, Austin, TX - $395,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 1,507 SQFT
  • 37 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Almost 3/4 Of An Acres In The City! Sit On Your Back Deck And Watch The Wildlife, Yet Only Minutes From Heb On Slaughter. 3/2 Completely Remodeled With Quartz Countertops, Hard Title And Laminate Plank Floors Throughout - No Carpet. Spacious Livin...

RE/MAX 1

11025 Mint Julep Dr, Austin, TX - $392,500

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 3,049 SQFT
  • 90 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Jewel Of Stablewood Of Slaughter Creeks! Private Yard With Sparkling Pool & Hot Tub! Amazing Location Near Major Roads, Employers, Great Shopping, Restaurants, Approx. 25 Mins To Downtown, Parks And Hike/bike Trails! You'll Enjoy This Wonderful 4 ...

Coldwell Banker United REALTOR

12520 Reserve Creek Dr, Austin, TX - $391,706

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,195 SQFT
  • 131 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Framing Completed! Stunning Home In Private, Gated Community! The Paintbrush Plan Is A Modern Floorplan With Tile Flooring Throughout The Common Area. Kitchen Features Silestone Countertops. Master Downstairs. Explore This Lock & Leave Community. ...

The Davis Company

504 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $391,290

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,630 SQFT
  • 131 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Great Layout! Generously Sized Bedrooms. Goregeous Extended Shower In Master Bath, Home Office. Located In Estancia, Gated Community. Terrazo Floorplan. Ready Now!

CTX Listings, LLC

602 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $387,690

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,634 SQFT
  • 46 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Estimated March Completion. Terrazzo Floor Plan. Spacious 4 Bedroom, 2 Story Home, With Optional Study And Large Game Room.

CTX Listings, LLC

609 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $387,590

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,634 SQFT
  • 27 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Spacious 4 Bedroom, 2 Story Home, With Optional Study, Game Room, And Media Room. Terrazzo Floorplan. March Completion

CTX Listings, LLC
Photo of Listing #9666894

8922 Manchaca Rd #701, Austin, TX - $385,000

Residential, Condo
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 1,930 SQFT
  • 106 DOM
View details More Photos Save

New Construction, Move-in Ready. Last Of This Plan.gated Community.polished Concrete Down And Carpet Up.island Kitchen W/quartz, Shaker-style Cabinetry, Italian Porcelain Backsplash. Double Vanity Bath W/glass-enclosed Shower + Soaking Tub. Huge W...

Taylor Real Estate
Photo of Listing #3051419

9900 Willers Way, Austin, TX - $385,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 1,469 SQFT
  • 27 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Gorgeous 3/2 In Tanglewood Forest. Renovated In 2019. Updates Include: Engineered Wood Floors, Shaker-style Cabinets, Sink, Stove, Fresh Paint Throughout, New Tile, Lighting Upgrades, And Ceiling Fans.

Realty Austin
Photo of Listing #6780602

2513 Monarch Dr, Austin, TX - $385,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 1,975 SQFT
  • 21 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Wow! Impeccable Remodel In Tanglewood Forest! High End Features Throughout This Cosmetic Transformation! Bright, Open Floorplan Down, Huge Kitchen W/ Plenty Of Cabinet/counter Space, Luxurious Master Bath, Spacious Secondary Bedrooms, Two Back Dec...

Compass RE Texas, LLC

714 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $383,890

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,634 SQFT
  • 27 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Great Layout! Generously Sized Bedrooms And Home Office. Located In Estancia, Gated Community. Terrazzo Floorplan. March Completion

CTX Listings, LLC

12305 Canera Ct #76, Austin, TX - $379,900

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,274 SQFT
  • 68 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Carefree, Convenient, Condo Living! Gated Stand-alone Condo Community With Private 13 Acres Greenbelt Area For Hiking & Biking, Community Center With Pool & No Exterior Maintenance To Deal With. This Move-in Ready Condo Has Recent Paint, Granite C...

Realty Austin
Photo of Listing #5652224

2201 Oak Valley Dr, Austin, TX - $379,900

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 1,402 SQFT
  • 6 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Just Over Half Acres In The City! Sit On Your Back Porch And Watch The Wildlife, Yet Only Minutes From Heb On Slaughter. 3/2 Completely Remodeled With Quartz Countertops, Hard Title And Laminate Plank Floors Throughout - No Carpet. Spacious Living...

RE/MAX 1
Photo of Listing #9077497

10101 Alcott Cv, Austin, TX - $375,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 1,940 SQFT
  • 3 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Multiple Offers Received. Deadline Is 12/08 By 6pm. Highly Sought After Home, On Cul-de-sac Lot Surrounded By Many Trees. Updated Neutral Palette, Contemporary Design, Open Concept. Spacious Kitchen Boasts, Ss Appl, Granite Ctrs & Ample Cabinetry ...

Redfin Corporation
Photo of Listing #1013152

221 Pedigree, Austin, TX - $375,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 2,486 SQFT
  • 1 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Pristinely Clean, Lovingly Maintained Home With Great Floor Plan. Park-like Backyard. Features Office With French Doors; Master Suite; Mil Plan With Two Beds/bath Separated By Second Living Area; Open Living Space. Formal Dining Area. Beautiful Co...

Realty Austin

12301 Toluca Dr, Austin, TX - $374,900

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,656 SQFT
  • 94 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Elegant Two Story Home In The Enclave At Estancia. 4bd, 3.5 Ba Home Located In South Austin Nearby Many Shops And Dining Options. Study Or Formal Dining Space Separate From The Open Living/kitchen Area. Granite Kitchen Countertops Extend Into Lar...

Weichert-Barton Harris & CO
Photo of Listing #2355141

2309 Sheri Oak Ln, Austin, TX - $370,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 1,366 SQFT
  • 62 DOM
View details More Photos Save

This Austin One-story Cul-de-sac Home Offers A Fireplace, A Patio, And A Two-car Garage.

Opendoor Brokerage LLC
Photo of Listing #3785996

501 Paul Jones Pass, Austin, TX - $369,900

Residential, House
  • 6 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 3,013 SQFT
  • 56 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Fantastic Pulte Single Story Floorpan With Loft/bedroom Option. 6 Bedrooms, 5 On Main Floor. 2.5 Baths Downstairs. 1wheelchair Accessible. Roll In Shower On Main. Open Family Room. Vaulted Ceilings. Spare Bedroom Connects To Master For Nursery Or ...

Keller Williams Realty

9912 Brasher Dr, Austin, TX - $369,000

Multi-Family, Duplex
  • 1,952 SQFT
  • 8 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Corner Property With Long Term Tenants Who Would Like To Stay On. New Exterior Repairs And Paint And Cedar Fencing On Both Sides. Great Turnkey Investment With Great Rents. Both Hvac Systems Were Replaced This Year.

Monte Davis Realty Group, Corp
Photo of Listing #5669265

1102 Diggy Dr, Austin, TX - $362,840

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 2,530 SQFT
  • 153 DOM
View details More Photos Save

The Gorgeous Two-story De Luz Is A 5 Bedroom, 4 Bath Home With Over 2,500 Square Feet Of Roomy And Open Living Space And A Breezy Covered Patio. Part Of The Incredible Solar Energy Community At Malone, And Graced With The Lennar Everything’s Inclu...

CTX Listings, LLC
Photo of Listing #7691227

712 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $357,490

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,122 SQFT
View details More Photos Save

Great Open Floorplan With Tall Ceilings In Family Room And Master Bed. Very Spacious Home With Plenty Of Room For Family Gatherings, And Right Next To A Park Greenspace. Giallo Floorplan. March Completion

CTX Listings, LLC

1113 Diggy Dr, Austin, TX - $351,440

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 1,997 SQFT
  • 174 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Roomy And Bright, The Two-story Bisset Is A 4 Bedroom, 2.5 Bath Home At 1,997 Square Feet Of Living Space With A Downstairs Master And A Breezy Covered Patio. Part Of The Solar Energy Community At Malone, And Graced With The Lennar Everything’s In...

CTX Listings, LLC

11016 Mint Julep Dr, Austin, TX - $350,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,799 SQFT
  • 77 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Beautiful White Stone Corner Lot 2-story Home In A Highly Desirable Subdivision In S. Austin. 2,799 Sq. Ft. 4 Bedrooms & 3 Full Baths. 1 Bedroom & Full Bath Down For Convenience Or Any Special Needs. Open Floor Plan Provides Great Opportunities Fo...

LIVING SPREE REALTY
Photo of Listing #3010858

9429 Notches Dr, Austin, TX - $349,900

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 1,649 SQFT
  • 1 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Ready To Move In. Desirable Cherry Creek! Excellent Condition! Very Attractive Street Appeal. Corner Lot, 3 Bedrooms, 2 Full Baths, High Ceilings, Large Family Room W/gas Log Fireplace, New Carpet, Wood And Hard Tile Flooring, Mother In Law Plan, ...

Gold Key Real Estate, Inc.

510 Allende Bend, Austin, TX - $349,440

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 1,843 SQFT
  • 73 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Onyx Floorplan. One Of Our Most Popular 1-story Plans, That Lives Very Spaciously. January Completion.

CTX Listings, LLC
Photo of Listing #9340048

10720 Chippenhook Ct, Austin, TX - $347,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,443 SQFT
  • 166 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Built In 2008, This Austin Two-story Home Offers Gas Heating, A Walk-in Closet, A Den, A Covered Patio, And A Two-car Garage.

Opendoor Brokerage LLC

1106 Diggy Dr, Austin, TX - $345,340

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 1,997 SQFT
  • 72 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Roomy & Bright, The 2story Bisset Is A 4/2.5 Home W/ 1,997sf Of Living Space W/ A Downstairs Master & A Breezy Covered Patio. Part Of The Solar Energy Community At Malone, & Graced With The Lennar Everything’s Included Standard The Home Features H...

CTX Listings, LLC
Photo of Listing #8573243

1008 Totis Rd, Austin, TX - $345,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,035 SQFT
  • 99 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Make This Stylish Like New Home Yours! Only Mins From Dt. Eye-catching Curb Appeal W/ Its Brick Exterior & Welcoming Front Porch. Inside, You Will Be Stunned By Its Open Concept Floor Plan, Wood Floors, Rustic-chic Fixtures & Soaring Ceilings! You...

Realty Austin

History of 78748

78748 is a more suburban part of Austin. Its history begins more recently, with some portions of the area not even existing until as late as the 1950s, such as San Leanna. As the central part of the city grew, more and more people needed to push outwards. Thus, areas such as the 78748 zip became more populated, inviting new businesses and housing developments into its borders.

Housing Market in 78748

The average price of a home in this zip code is a little under $300,000. That doesn’t mean that there aren’t options for anyone that is looking for something a bit smaller and compact, such as apartment complexes, which also lie within 78748.

Things to Do in 78748

There’s so much you can do just within the area of 78748. If you’re up for a massage, go to Zen Blend, one of Austin’s best massage parlors, to reduce your stress and get back in your zone. Pamper yourself at Orange Blossom Skin Care and get your skin looking healthy and new. Then treat your self to some barbecue courtesy of the Austin Barbecue Company and head over to places like Elm Waterhole, Mary Moore Searight Park or Bauerle Park to enjoy the scenery.

78748: The Place to Be

78748 is a great place to be away from the business of the city. If you’re thinking about Austin, but need that suburban setting for yourself or your family, then get in contact with Pauly Presley Realty today!

The information being provided is for consumers' personal, non-commercial use and may not be used for any purpose other than to identify prospective properties consumers may be interested in purchasing.

Based on information from the Austin Board of REALTORS® (alternatively, from ACTRIS) from December 9th, 2019 at 6:15am CST. Neither the Board nor ACTRIS guarantees or is in any way responsible for its accuracy. The Austin Board of REALTORS®, ACTRIS and their affiliates provide the MLS and all content therein "AS IS" and without any warranty, express or implied. Data maintained by the Board or ACTRIS may not reflect all real estate activity in the market.

All information provided is deemed reliable but is not guaranteed and should be independently verified.