Connect

Find us on...

Dashboard

Login using...

Austin Home Search

All Listings Under $100,000 $100,000 - $200,000
$200,000 - $300,000 $300,000 - $400,000 $400,000 - $500,000
$500,000 - $600,000 $600,000 - $700,000 $700,000 - $800,000
$800,000 - $900,000 $900,000 - $1,000,000 Over $1,000,000
Map
Sort listings by:Price, High to Low

4330 River Garden Trl, Austin, TX - $5,195,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 7 Baths
  • 6,810 SQFT
  • 8 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Artisan Contemporary By Reynolds Custom Homes & Larue Architects Completed In 2014 W Views Of The Rolling Hills & Lake Austin.beautifully Designed Mesquite Flooring Throughout, Crestron & Lutron Systems,gourmet Kit & Sleek Bar W Walnut Cabinetry...

Engel & Volkers Austin

21112 Thurman Bend Rd, Spicewood, TX - $5,100,000

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 6,459 SQFT
  • 61 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Rare 55 Acre Estate Offering Panoramic Lake Views. This Property Will Be Appealing To Many Buyers; Acreage Estate, Family Compound, Or Sub Dividable. Walnut & Stone Floors, 3 Bedroom Suites, Office / Study, Exercise Room, Gourmet Kitchen. Guest C...

XL Highlands Realty LLC

4 Km. Carretera A Barra, Other, ot - $5,000,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 8 Baths
  • 13,686 SQFT
  • 249 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Exquisite Luxury Home Designed By Ricardo Elias, In The Beautiful Southern Part Of Puerto Vallarta’s Hotel District. Built With Great Materials Such As Hardwood Floors, Marble, And Palm Roofs. It Includes A Pool, Jacuzzi, Beautiful Garden, A Tradi...

Keller Williams Realty

1400 Lisa Dr, Austin, TX - $5,000,000

Lot, See Agent
  • 826,943 SQFT
  • 199 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Is The Price Negotiable? Hell Yeah! Do You Want To Be The First To Find Out How Negotiable Or The Last? 21+/- Acres With Breath-taking Views Of Lake Austin & Colorado River Valley! Quiet/private, Park-like Settings.development Possibilities (but ...

Shelton Properties

3400 Mount Sharp Rd, Wimberley, TX - $5,000,000

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 3,200 SQFT
  • 261 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Silverdale Ranch Is A Legacy Ranch Property Conveniently Located On The North Side Of Wimberley. Highlighted By Its 10 Mile Views, Nearly 4,500 Ft Of Hardwood Lined Creek, 42 Acres Of Productive Fields, Great Frontage And An Attractive 3,200 Sqft ...

Keller Williams Realty

1100 Harvey St, Austin, TX - $5,000,000

Lot, Single Lot
  • 97,139 SQFT
  • 52 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Gorgeous Lot For Potential Residential Development In The Most Desirable Are In East Austin. Beautiful Setting With Live Oaks, Elm And Sycamore Trees, Amazing Possibilities To Create A One Of A Kind Development With Proximity To Downtown Austin. R...

Kuper Sotheby's Itl Rlty

445 Cr 277, Liberty Hill, TX - $4,999,000

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 1 Bed
  • 2 Bath
  • 1,992 SQFT
  • 54 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Lot's Of Opportunity On 240+/- Acre Property. Property Wraps Around The High School On One Side And There A Rail Road Tracks On The Backside Of The Property. This Property Could Be A Mixed Use Development With Residential, Entertainment, And Comme...

All City Real Estate Ltd. Co
Photo of Listing #6090359

4400 Island Ave, Austin, TX - $4,995,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 7,016 SQFT
  • 256 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Lake Austin!! First Time On The Market!!! Exquisite Home On A Fabulous Lot In The Island Gated Community On Lake Austin. Wonderful Open Floor Plan With Views And Great Outdoor Areas With Verandas. Two Boat Garage With Slips And Lifts. On The Quiet...

Kuper Sotheby's Itl Rlty

N/A, Austin, TX - $4,995,000

Residential, Condo
  • 2 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 5,298 SQFT
  • 86 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Four Seasons Austin - Sub-penthouse. Half-floor Residence, Southwest And Northwest Corners. Panoramic Views Of Of Lake, Skyline And Hill Country. Abundant Space For Entertaining, Cozy Family Room. Refined Finishes Throughout. Easy Convert To ...

Holt Residential

4003 Chamisa Dr, Austin, TX - $4,995,000

Residential, House
  • 7 Beds
  • 11 Baths
  • 14,681 SQFT
  • 69 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Imagine The Possibilities...private, European-style Retreat Just Minutes From Lake Austin. Exquisite Features Include An Imported Mantle From French Chateaux, Custom-crafted Habersham Cabinets, Custom Lighting & English Pub. Gourmet Kitchen W 2 Fu...

Kuper Sotheby's Itl Rlty

2906 Edgewater Dr, Austin, TX - $4,995,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 5 Baths
  • 3,325 SQFT
  • 43 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Minimalist Modern Home Designed By Sean Guess Is An Entertainer's Dream! Unrivaled Panoramic Views Of The Lake & Hill Country Await Frm The Moment You Walk Into The Property! 221 Ft Of Waterfront, 2 Slip Boat Dock W/power Lifts, Custom European St...

KW-Austin Portfolio RealEstate

210 Lavaca St #3603, Austin, TX - $4,995,000

Residential, Condo
  • 3 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 4,003 SQFT
  • 20 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Panoramic City Views Amaze From This W Residences Penthouse On The Nw Corner Of The 36th Floor. Sleek Architecture, Clean Lines, Abundant Natural Light, Soaring Ceilings, & Hardwood Floors. Fully-equipped Chef’s Kitchen Open To Dining & Living. Se...

Kuper Sotheby's Itl Rlty

3506 Mount Bonnell Rd, Austin, TX - $4,950,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 7 Baths
  • 5,806 SQFT
  • 24 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Private Gated Home Delivers The Rare Combination Of Central Austin Convenience And Some Of The Biggest And Best Views In All The Atx. Breathtaking 180-degree Views Of Lake Austin And The Rolling Hill Country. Enjoy A Spectacular Texas Sunset From ...

LindenDwell Real Estate
Photo of Listing #3967809

2222 Horton Preiss Rd, Blanco, TX - $4,950,000

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 2,840 SQFT
  • 19 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Headquarters Offers 5bd, 5.5ba Newly Updated W/a Rustic Western Feel, Several Equipment Sheds, Horse Barn, Pool, Historical Barns & One Was Converted To A Playhouse. 2 Bunkhouses W/four 1bd, 1ba Apts. There Is A Fabulous Additional Home Located Ac...

Topper Real Estate
Photo of Listing #1067220

210 Lavaca St #3305, Austin, TX - $4,950,000

Residential, Condo
  • 4 Beds
  • 5 Baths
  • 3,709 SQFT
  • 3 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Compare To Any Austin Penthouse. The Only 4 Bedroom + Study W/4 & 1/2 Baths In The W. Exclusively For Buyers Of Meticulous Superiority. Taken From New Then Renovated Into Magnificence W/dream Team Of Cravotta Interiors, Christopher Sanders Archite...

BHGRE HomeCity
Photo of Listing #4135290

1103 Ridgecrestdr Dr, Austin, TX - $4,945,000

Residential, House
  • 7 Beds
  • 9 Baths
  • 7,500 SQFT
  • 257 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Brand New Offering At Las Casitas, An Extraordinary Westlake Estate With A To-be-built Custom, 5000 Sq Ft Home! There Is No Shortage Of Trails, Gardens, Art & Ponds To Explore. 2 Luxury Casitas & A Studio Blend Seamlessly With Nature & Feature Out...

Coldwell Banker United REALTOR
Photo of Listing #3170076

1453 Wild Basin Ledge, Austin, TX - $4,900,000

Lot, See Agent
  • 25 DOM
View details More Photos Save

You Can Own The Largest Natural Pool On Bee Creek And With A Beautiful Waterfall. This Estate Sized Lot Is Only Minutes From Downtown Austin. Eanes Schools. Expansive Level Building Site Amid Huge Oak Trees, This Is The Last Parcel Of An Estate Th...

Shelton Properties
Photo of Listing #8177088

2705 Island Ledge Cv, Austin, TX - $4,895,000

Residential, House
  • 6 Beds
  • 7 Baths
  • 10,637 SQFT
  • 353 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Nestled In The Gated Island On Westlake This Spectacular Estate Sits At The End Of A Private Cul-de-sac.inviting Entrance Leads To An Open Floor Plan, To More Intimate Living Spaces Perfect For Entertaining Or Quiet Living.gracious Master Suite,sp...

Gottesman Residential R.E.
Photo of Listing #8027375

N/A, Dripping Springs, TX - $4,852,000

Residential, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 10,253 SQFT
  • 292 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Situated On 53.65 +/- Unrestricted Acres This Historic Property Sits Perched On One Of The Highest Blue-green Hills In The Area. Located In The Heart Of The Burgeoning Texas Hill Country Wine & Brewery Industry. Also Included Is The Main House, 4 ...

Graves Realty Group
Photo of Listing #9827394

N/A, Dripping Springs, TX - $4,852,000

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 10,253 SQFT
  • 292 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Situated On 53.65 +/- Unrestricted Acres This Historic Property Sits Perched On One Of The Highest Blue-green Hills In The Area. Located In The Heart Of The Burgeoning Texas Hill Country Wine & Brewery Industry. Also Included Is The Main House, 4 ...

Graves Realty Group

211 Bella Riva Dr, Austin, TX - $4,850,000

Residential, House
  • 6 Beds
  • 9 Baths
  • 9,614 SQFT
  • 483 DOM
View details More Photos Save

This Magnificent Waterfront Estate Sits On An Extraordinary 2.8 Acres Overlooking The Broad Beauty Of Lake Travis. The Abundance Of Natural Light Combined With The White Modern Interior Rooms Creates A Peaceful And Inviting Environment For Friends...

KW-Austin Portfolio RealEstate
Photo of Listing #3461180

3311 Far View Dr, Austin, TX - $4,850,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 8,175 SQFT
  • 140 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Hill Country Views And Lake Austin Waterfront, A Unique Combination.

JardineCyrus Properties
Photo of Listing #3534582

388 Cortona Dr, West Lake Hills, TX - $4,800,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 8,375 SQFT
  • 82 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Views From Every Perspective With A Wisely Laid Out Floorplan With Room For Quiet Family Evening Or Large Gatherings. This Finely Crafted Brian Bailey Home Has 5 Beds, 5 Baths & 5 Living Areas Which Inc 2 Game Rooms, Dual Studies, Family, Living A...

KW-Austin Portfolio RealEstate

776 Cattle Trail Dr, Dripping Springs, TX - $4,788,027

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 2 Beds
  • 1 Baths
  • 900 SQFT
  • 33 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Rustic 1/1 Cabin W/ Loft Plus A 2/1 Guest House Situated On Approx 36 Ac With 550 Yds On Both Sides Of Pier Branch Creek. Property Is Comprised Of 5 Different Tracts That Can Be Purchased Separately. This Utopian Paradise Is A One Of Kind Find Clo...

Stanberry REALTORS

1719 Hallam Dr, Austin, TX - $4,675,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 8 Baths
  • 6,662 SQFT
  • 74 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Almost Completed – New Construction! Contemporary Luxury In Westlake’s Scenic View Gated Neighborhood. Infusing Minimalist Design With Wood Floors Give This Home A Modern Aesthetic. Oversized Windows Pour In Natural Light, While An Open Living Con...

Moreland Properties
Photo of Listing #3893905

1331 Fm 1962, Other, TX - $4,658,500

Farms & Acreage, Manufactured
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,100 SQFT
  • 106 DOM
View details More Photos Save

This Turn-key Mld Level 3 Hunting Property Boasts Thick Brush & Abundant Water, Perfect For Attracting Trophy Whitetail, Turkey, Quail & Dove! 1,331 Ac W/all-weather Roads, 20+ Blinds & Feeders, 8 Earthen Tanks Supplemented By 7 Solar Wells, Parti...

Homestead & Ranch Real Estate
Photo of Listing #5937521

00 Hardin D, Round Mountain, TX - $4,600,000

Farms & Acreage, See Agent
  • 1 Bed
  • 2 Bath
  • 1,200 SQFT
  • 79 DOM
View details More Photos Save

A Hunters Dream, Situated In The Heart Of The Hill Country. The Land Has Approx. 2,000 Ft Of Frontage Off Of Cr 308, And Features A Strong 2,600 Ft Spring Creek That Winds Throughout Amazing Tree Cover. Rolling Hills Offer Extensive Views. 1,200sq...

Coldwell Banker United REALTOR

17840 F.m. 86, Red Rock, TX - $4,554,955

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 2,727 SQFT
  • 15 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Beautiful 2727 Sf Custom Rock Home. Guesthouse. Barns, Pens, Shop Etc. Cow-calf Operation. Rich Deep Sandy Loam, Clayey Soils. Coastal,klein,native Grasses. Rotational Pastures Well Watered By Numerous Tanks. Bass,catfish,perch. Deer, Dove, Turkey...

Mulkern Realty

500 Harrison Ln, Georgetown, TX - $4,500,000

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 2 Beds
  • 2 Baths
  • 2,500 SQFT
  • 1,424 DOM
View details More Photos Save

One Of A Kind Ranch In Georgetown. This Ranch Has It All! 2 Bedroom 2 Bath , Also Includes 2 Modular Homes, Large Barn With Rain Water Collection System And Shed/building. Terrain Is Level To Rolling, Some Steep Topography. Lake Views And Clos...

HD Realty
Photo of Listing #3571093

000 Fm 304 Hwy, Bastrop, TX - $4,500,000

Farms & Acreage, None
  • 240 DOM
View details More Photos Save

These Beautiful 287+/- Acres Are Available Only 2 Miles From The City Of Bastrop. Call Me If You Would Like More Information. Paved Roads On Three Sides!! Be Sure To Watch The Virtual Tour! Owner/agent

All City Real Estate Ltd. Co

803 Westlake Dr, West Lake Hills, TX - $4,500,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 1,619 SQFT
  • 98 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Rare Acreage Tract In Westlake Hills Offers Many Opportunities For A Private Estate Build Or To Develop Into Multiple Home-sites. Approximately 7.829 Acres With Large Trees, Canyon Views, Varied Terrain, Seasonal Creek, Multiple Building Sites & L...

The Gardner Group, Inc.

2502 Dominion Hl, Austin, TX - $4,500,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 7 Baths
  • 9,729 SQFT
  • 45 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Stunning Gated Sanctuary, Situated On 5 Flat Acres Of Enviable Private Property. Vast Open Entertainment Styled Floor Plan. Every Room Opens To The Opulent Classic Luxury Backyard With Crisp Dramatic Water Features And A Curvaceous Negative Edge P...

Keller Williams - Lake Travis
Photo of Listing #5790149

1612 Meghan Ln, Austin, TX - $4,499,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 4,321 SQFT
  • 264 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Incredible Contemporary Located In The Center Of Austin With Large Heritage Oaks Framing The Austin Skyline. The Gated Property Transcends You To A Lush Retreat With Pool And Spa. The Home Itself Is A Work Of Art Centered Around A Floating Stair...

Moreland Properties

000 Fm 2237, Muldoon, TX - $4,448,664

Farms & Acreage, None
  • 274 DOM
View details More Photos Save

500+ Acres Located Near Small Community Of Muldoon, Population 114, Muldoon Is Located In Sw Quadrant Of Fayette County. Fayette County, Centrally Located Between Austin, Houston & San Antonio. Wooded W/pockets Of Open Areas. Covered In Native Gra...

Bubela & Associates, Inc.

15900 Chateau Ave, Austin, TX - $4,399,000

Residential, House
  • 6 Beds
  • 9 Baths
  • 7,887 SQFT
  • 304 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Iconic Contemporary Estate Transcends Sophistication, Modern Design & Refined Elegance. Striking Architectural Masterpiece With 30' Ceilings. Fleetwood Glass Doors & Windows Deliver A Striking Outdoor Lake View From Every Perspective Creating A Se...

Keller Williams - Lake Travis
Photo of Listing #2329300

14600 Rr 1323, Johnson City, TX - $4,387,500

Farms & Acreage, None
  • 50 DOM
View details More Photos Save

This Ranch Offers A Blank Canvas! Access Is Attractive With It Fronting Ranch Rd 1323. There Is A Great Stock Tank That Historically Holds Water. There Are Several Seasonal Creeks That Run Thru The Ranch. The Road System Is Nicely Done And Is Eas...

Topper Real Estate

3100 W Highway 290, Dripping Springs, TX - $4,385,000

Farms & Acreage, See Agent
  • 9 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 5,500 SQFT
  • 571 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Multi-generation Ranch Consists Of Three Homes Built In 1980,1996 And 2004;each Home With Water Well, Electricity And Septic. One Home Is Rented, Other Two Are Occupied By Owners. Varied Terrain,beautiful Views, Trees And Abundant Wildlife. 690 F...

Greg Weber, Realtors

4448 River Garden Trl, Austin, TX - $4,350,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 5,663 SQFT
  • 37 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Seated At The Highest Point Within The Summit, This Exclusive Contemporary Renovation By Renowned Architect Michael Hsu Is A Show Stopper. This 5,663 Sf Home Offers 4 Bedrooms Plus An Office, 4 Full Baths And 2 Half Baths. Finishes Include Custom ...

KW-Austin Portfolio RealEstate

3409 Taylors Dr, Austin, TX - $4,350,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 5 Baths
  • 4,198 SQFT
  • 12 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Casually Sited Amongst Mature Trees, The Detail Is Exquisite In This Masterpiece Designed By Alterstudio Architects. The Design Aims To Respect And Enhance The Natural Surroundings While Maintaining A Balance Between Opening Up To The Landscape An...

Compass RE Texas, LLC

97 Ruben Dario, Other, na - $4,300,000

Residential, Condo
  • 3 Beds
  • 3 Baths
  • 5,468 SQFT
  • 292 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Residencial Del Bosquel Located In One Of The Best Zones Of The Polanco Area, This Residential Development Includes Two Towers Of Luxury,“ Torre Del Parque” Apartment Totally Finished And “torre Del Lago” A Unit Of Raw Structure, Both With An Spac...

Keller Williams Realty

5359 W State Highway 29, Georgetown, TX - $4,290,000

Residential, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 5,200 SQFT
  • 30 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Gorgeous Custom Home On 38.4 Acres Riverfront Property. Full Top-of-the-line Home Automation With Large Home Cinema. Remodeled Cute Guest House, Workshop, 2000 Sq Ft Of Fully Functional Office Space With Ac. Custom Home Features Throughout Includi...

eXp Realty LLC

5359 W State Highway 29, Georgetown, TX - $4,290,000

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 5 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 5,200 SQFT
  • 30 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Gorgeous Custom Home On 38.4 Acres Riverfront Property. Full Top-of-the-line Home Automation With Large Home Cinema. Remodeled Cute Guest House, Workshop, 2000 Sq Ft Of Fully Functional Office Space With Ac. Custom Home Features Throughout Includi...

eXp Realty LLC

13117 Zen Gardens Way, Austin, TX - $4,275,000

Residential, House
  • 7 Beds
  • 7 Baths
  • 8,062 SQFT
  • 75 DOM
View details More Photos Save

This Exquisite Sterling Custom Home Has The Highest Quality With Striking Detail Throughout. Gated Estate Situated On 2.5 Acres With Beautiful Panoramic Views Of Hill County And Lake Austin. Main Residence Has 7 Beds,6.5 Baths, Fabulous Kitchen, S...

Engel & Volkers Austin

000 E Hwy 29 Hwy, Georgetown, TX - $4,268,000

Farms & Acreage, None
  • 495 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Great Property To Subdivide. Fronts On Hwy 29 Just East Of Toll 130. It Adjoins East-view High School.

Texas Ally Real Estate Group

3101 Fischer Store Rd, Wimberley, TX - $4,260,109

Farms & Acreage, House
  • 1 Bed
  • 2 Bath
  • 1,038 SQFT
  • 29 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Unique Opportunity To Own Big Blanco River Frontage In Wimberley, Texas! Almost 188 Acres Offered On This Recreational Ranch With An Abundance Of Stunning Views! Live Oaks & Pecan Groves Shade The Pavilion Area With River Access & Bath House For...

Kuper Sotheby's Itl Rlty

200 Congress Ave #27eg, Austin, TX - $4,250,000

Residential, Condo
  • 3 Beds
  • 4 Baths
  • 3,789 SQFT
  • 87 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Coveted Congress Ave Views Of The Capitol From This Custom North Residence On The 27th Floor At The Austonian. Timeless Luxury Finishes Throughout This Residence With Gourmet Kitchen. Enjoy Views Of The Iconic Frost Tower Crown From Your Living/di...

Moreland Properties

1219 Brooks Hollow Rd, Austin, TX - $4,250,000

Residential, House
  • 4 Beds
  • 6 Baths
  • 6,279 SQFT
  • 66 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Lakefront Living Meets Texas Hill Country Charm At Sunset Point. 10+ Acres Provides A Peaceful Setting For This Custom Lake Travis Main Body Waterfront Home With Exceptional Outdoor Living And Unparalleled Views. Host Gatherings With Ease – Four B...

Moreland Properties
Photo of Listing #3236581

4700 Island Cv, Austin, TX - $4,250,000

Residential, House
  • 6 Beds
  • 5 Baths
  • 5,740 SQFT
  • 4 DOM
View details More Photos Save

Lake Austin Waterfront Home W/ Private Dock On 1.6 Acre Estate With 256 Ft Of Water Frontage In The Island At Mount Bonnell. Perfect Location Less Than 5 Miles To Downtown. Texas Modern Style Home W/limestone Exterior & Standing Seam Metal Roof. ...

Compass RE Texas, LLC

The information being provided is for consumers' personal, non-commercial use and may not be used for any purpose other than to identify prospective properties consumers may be interested in purchasing.

Based on information from the Austin Board of REALTORS® (alternatively, from ACTRIS) from June 17th, 2019 at 6:15am CDT. Neither the Board nor ACTRIS guarantees or is in any way responsible for its accuracy. The Austin Board of REALTORS®, ACTRIS and their affiliates provide the MLS and all content therein "AS IS" and without any warranty, express or implied. Data maintained by the Board or ACTRIS may not reflect all real estate activity in the market.

All information provided is deemed reliable but is not guaranteed and should be independently verified.